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The origins of today’s National Museum of Hungary can be traced back to Count Széchengi, a great art-lover and collector of archaeology, numismatics and literature. In the year 1892, the count donated his collection to the newly-created national museum. At the beginning these pieces were displayed in the former convent of the order of hermits of Saint Paul until they were moved to the palace, inaugurated in 1847, which became the new home of this large museum.
It is a huge neo-classic building designed by the architect Mihály Pollack containing Hungary’s most important historical relics. The layout of the museum was also designed according to subject and chronology. For example, on the first floor are pieces belonging to the historic period between the early stages of the ´Valley of the Carpathians` and the arrival of the Avars in the 9th century. On the second floor you will find everything related to the Magyar people up to the year 1849, as well as Hungarian history from the 19th and 20th centuries.
What’s more, you will also notice that the pieces on display are divided into the following different departments: Archaeology, Middle Ages, Modern, Gallery of Historic Paintings, the Archaeological library and archives.
Among the many things available to see here, we especially recommend you take a look at the enormous Roman mosaic from the 3rd century and coronation gown, as well as the reconstruction of a 3rd century Roman villa and Broadwood piano which once belonged to Beethoven. Also fascinating are some of the other reconstructions, such as the spiked wire-fencing of a Stalinist camp, a Hapsburg era music hall and a typical 1960’s apartment.
This is a museum with a great deal of history both inside and out - the staircase of its entrance was where Petofi issued his revolutionary cry in 1848.
It is definitely worth the visit.
Andrássy Avenue (34)
Hilton Hotel (14)
Parliament (Országház) (26)
Tower of Mary Magdalene (11)
Castle Hill (Várhegy) (4)
Grand Synagogue (44)
Municipal Park (Városliget) (38)
Saint Stephan Basilica (29)
Central Market (Központi Vásárcsarnok) (43)
Fó Street (19)
Gellért Hill (15)
Hungarian Opera Theatre (36)
National Museum of Hungary (33)
Sikló Funicular (50)
Elizabeth Bridge (21B)
Freedom Bridge (Szabadság híd) (21A)
Gellért Hotel and Thermal Baths (18)
Hungarian Science Academy (27)
National Theatre (49)
The Castle Labyrinth (5)
Ferenc-Liszt Music Academy (45)
Freedom Monument (Szabadság - Szobor) (16)
Gundel Restaurant (40)
Király Thermal Baths (20)
Parliament Street (12)
Váci Street (42)