9-11 (19)

At eight and nine o'clock in the morning of 9/11 four airliners were hijacked by 19 members of the terrorist network, Al-Qaeda. Divided into four groups, each of them had a pilot in charge of flying the plane once the cabin crew had been overcome. The first two aircraft hijacked were American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, which crashed into the North Tower at 8:46 a.m. and 9:02 a.m. in the South Tower, respectively. Both buildings collapsed within two hours.  The third hijacked plane was American Airlines Flight 77, which crashed into the corner of the Pentagon in Virginia. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93 crashed in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, before reaching any goal. This happened like this thanks to the action of the crew and passengers, who lost their lives while trying to regain control of the plane, thus managing at least that the tragedy did not acquire greater proportions.

Besides the 19 hijackers, 2,973 people were confirmed dead and 24 are still missing as a result of the attacks.

In total, 25 buildings were damaged and 7 World Trade Centre buildings were destroyed. Later on, 2 more had to be demolished owing to the deplorable state of its structure.

The economy of Lower Manhattan, the third economic district of the United States, was devastated. 30% of office land (2.7 million m³) was destroyed or damaged. The Deutsche Bank Building, adjacen to the Twin Towers, had to be closed for damages and demolished. Electricity, telephone and gas were cut. The entry of people to Soho and Lower Manhattan was restricted.

The attacks had a significant impact on US markets. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), American Stock Exchange and NASDAQ indices did not open on 11 September and remained closed until the 17th of that month. 

When markets reopened on 17 September 2001, after the biggest standstill since the Great Depression, the Dow Jones Industrial Average lost 684 points (7.1%), its biggest drop on a single day. At the end of the week, the Dow Jones had lost 1369.7 points (14.3%), its biggest drop in a week. Since then Wall Street remains protected against terrorist attacks.

Undoubtedly, the images of what happened here on 9/11 will remain forever.

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