MAM - Museum of Modern Art

MAM - Museum of Modern Art (54)

Before you even admire the stunning and beautiful collection of the Museum of Modern Art in Rio, you will surely enjoy the place itself, designed in 1953 by one of the icons of modern Brazilian architecture, Affonso Eduardo Reidy.

Reidy, a French architect who settled in Brazil, was part of a generation of architects led by Lúcio Costa, who modified and modernised Brazilian architecture.

The architect built an open space with large windows that allow you to enjoy fantastic views of Guanabara Bay, the mountains and the beautiful gardens designed by the famous landscape architect, Roberto Burle Marx, who, being known for his wonderful work with the design of the popular Copacabana avenue, did not lag behind in providing the museum grounds with a well-kept and simple, though nice environment, when strolling around the main building. 

The building is supported by 14 V-shaped columns made of reinforced concrete, with a total length of 8.5 metres, 10 metres apart each and connected by a superior column. This outer structure allows its inner space to virtually open.

The Museum of Modern Art is a space for all those who want to spend a pleasant time enjoying good art in a highly relaxed space. Its architectural design, which is already remarkable when you observe it from afar, reflects the Brazilian modernism of the twentieth century. 

In addition to the area dedicated to the museum and its works, it features a library specialising in modern and contemporary art, a film collection and an adjoining auditorium, where art presentations are usually performed which you can access through the gardens.

The creation of the first Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro dates back to 1948, when a group of private entrepreneurs facilitated the acquisition of works of great European artists, such as Paul Klee, Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dalí, to be exhibited in Rio de Janeiro. It was not until 1958 that the current headquarters opened, twenty years before one of the major accidents that have happened to the building. 

On 8 July 1978, with some 1,000 works, it was a black and sad day for the museum as well as art, because almost all of the exhibited collection was destroyed by the flames of a terrible fire. It significantly affected the building's structure and many important works were lost, including those from renowned artists, such as Joan Miró, Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí and Cándido Portiniari. Through donations, sponsorships and new acquisitions, and after four years of recovery efforts and campaigns to restore the collections, the Museum of Modern Art reopened its doors. 

It currently boasts about 11,000 works. While emphasising the assignment of important collections, like the one by Gilberto Chateaubriand, with more than 6,500 works of distinguished artists and a very interesting collection of African photography, the collection of Joaquim Paiva is also very important, a photographer and one of the great collectors of photography in Brazil, who contributed to the museum nearly 2,500 photographs of domestic and foreign artists.

In addition, the art exhibition will allow you to relive the MAM's whole history and architecture, from the original architectural drawings, through its successive presidents, accompanied by the most important events in the history of art and cinema of Brazil.

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